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the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)
filed suit on behalf of poor districts against the Texas commissioner
of education. In 1987, a state district court ruling struck down
the Texas public school funding system. In 1989, the Texas Supreme
Court upheld that the school finance system, based in part upon
local district funds, was in violation of the state constitution.
The state constitution requires that the state maintain an "efficient"
system to achieve "general diffusion of knowledge" (Cárdenas,
- On November 14, 1989, the governor called a special session
of the legislature for the purpose of resolving the school finance
problem. In 1993, the current Texas school finance system was
developed and ruled constitutional by the Texas Supreme Court
J.A. Texas School Finance Reform: An IDRA Perspective (San
Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association,