This policy brief presents an in-depth look at the issue of in-grade retention (particularly in Texas), reviews research that finds this practice to be ineffective, and outlines alternatives to both retention and social promotion. Part of a series on key issues in education developed by the IDRA Institute for Policy and Leadership, this brief includes policy recommendations, findings at a glance, the national scene, a look back at Texas, findings examined (including alternatives to retention), and interviews of school personnel.
(No ISBN; 34 Pages; 1999; $7.00)
Also available online free.
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