María “Cuca” Robledo Montecel, Ph.D.

Almost four decades ago, IDRA was founded to defend all children and their right to an excellent and equitable education. At that time, the state of
Texas had one of the most inequitable and unfair systems of public school finance in the country. Our policy reform efforts coupled with strategic litigation over a long period of time led to a major systemic overhaul. After years of struggle by many communities, the state finally reduced funding disparities from thousands of dollars per student to less than $700 – still an important disparity but a step in the right direction. Many schools were beginning to reap the benefits of the state’s attempt to equalize education funding for all of its children. Student achievement improved, taxpayers were more equally sharing the cost of paying for public schools, and businesses were seeing the results of better-prepared graduates.

But those gains have been taken away.

Texas is one of the wealthiest states in the country, but it leads the nation in income inequality, and this begins with, and is exacerbated by, inequities in the state’s public education system. Our state operates a public education system marked by inequitable funding, which impacts access to qualified teachers, school leaders, staff, curricula, materials and facilities. Student outcomes reflect these conditions.

For example, in November 2011, IDRA released our latest annual high school attrition study showing that Texas public schools are failing to graduate one out of every four students. At the current pace, we could lose as many as 2.8 million more students over the next 25 years. (Johnson, 2011)

This past spring, the Texas legislature made matters dramatically worse when it chose to cut education funding in a manner that was neither strategic nor equitable.

Texas education has $6.4 billion less than what would have been provided under previous law.

Texas was already ranked 43rd in the country in per-student funding; now we’ll probably fall to the bottom five. Policy decisions were out of step with

Texas families, youth and educators, the overwhelming majority of whom (75 percent) felt that education should not be cut.

Texas cannot fail our students and families. We cannot afford an excellent system for some and a minimally adequate system for the rest. Fair funding is essential to assuring that all children have access to quality education. We cannot have excellence without equity.

IDRA has been working with communities across the state to make sure that schools are equipped to guarantee that all children graduate ready for college and career. Through our Fair Funding Now! initiative, we held a series of roundtables last fall in collaboration with the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Mexican American School Board Members Association (MASBA) and Texas Center for Educational Policy (TCEP). (See story on Page 3.)

Equity advocates are going online to see the level of school funding cuts across districts for every county in Texas and are sharing their stories of how funding cuts are affecting their schools. Others are convening strategy meetings and engaging families. We know that our next actions must be connected – having us work together as community, school, family, higher education and business leaders. And our actions must be strategic – having the greatest impact on strengthening public education in Texas for all students.

We at IDRA applaud the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund for filing its lawsuit against the state of Texas over school funding on behalf of four property-poor school districts and three parents. The MALDEF case demonstrates that the Texas system of funding public education is both inequitable for all students and inadequate for low-income students and English learner students. (See two-page factsheet and MALDEF news release on IDRA’s website at

It is unfortunate – scandalous in fact – that it takes litigation to convince our state leaders to invest in education, to invest in children – all children – to invest in the future of Texas. But we’ve been down this road before. We will not stop until Texas truly has a strong public school system that provides an excellent education for all children.


Johnson, R. Texas Public School Attrition Study, 2010-11 – High School Attrition Continues Downward Trend – Universal High School Graduation is Still a Quarter of a Century Away (San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association, November 2011).

MALDEF. MALDEF Lawsuit: Texas ’ School Funding System Unlawfully Shortchanges Many Districts and Students, Including Low Income and English Language Learner Children (San Antonio, Texas: MALDEF, December 13, 2011).

MALDEF. Info Sheet on Texas School Finance for Educators and Advocates (San Antonio, Texas: MALDEF, November 2011).

This article is adapted from Dr. Robledo Montecel’s statement released on December 14, 2011.

María “Cuca” Robledo Montecel, Ph.D., is IDRA’s president and CEO. Comments and questions may be directed to her via e-mail at

[©2012, IDRA. This article originally appeared in the January 2012 IDRA Newsletter by the Intercultural Development Research Association. Every effort has been made to maintain the content in its original form. However, accompanying charts and graphs may not be provided here. To receive a copy of the original article by mail or fax, please fill out our information request and feedback form. Permission to reproduce this article is granted provided the article is reprinted in its entirety and proper credit is given to IDRA and the author.]