While AP courses are a strong indicator of college readiness, the most reported and greatest indicator is completion of algebra in middle school and calculus in high school. An analysis released by IDRA found that calculus is not equally and fairly accessible in Texas public schools.

Dr. Cristóbal Rodríguez served as the 2019 IDRA José A. Cárdenas School Finance Fellow. IDRA released his report in October 2021 at a virtual forum. This infographic draws from the research results and other data regarding math and college readiness.

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