Who We Are

IDRA Anniversary – Across the Decades – 1970s

The 1970s was a decade of transformation, a time of profound cynicism, crises and a need for change…

IDRA begins its fight for children’s rights

IDRA in the 1970s


Left column images
U.S. President Richard Nixon who resigned from office after the Watergate scandal in 1974.

A young Marine private in Vietnam. Wikipedia photo

Crisis in the Classroom: The Remaking of American Education by Charles E. Silberman, 1970

A Bell UH-1D helicopter piloted by Major Bruce P. Crandall climbs skyward after discharging a load of U.S. infantrymen on a search and destroy mission. Wikipedia photo

Equal Rights Amendment demonstration. Wayne State University

The 1973 oil crisis puts the nation of America in gridlock. Shown, a line at a gas station in Maryland. Wikipedia photo

1970s first mobile phones. http://globalmoxie.com

America’s first space station Skylab in orbit February 8, 1974. Wikipedia photo

Right column images
IDRA file photo

IDRA file photo

Texas Senate Bill 477 ~ Bilingual Education Act.

Frank Madla, State Representative, meets U.S. Commissioner of Education, Dr. Ed Aguerre. (IDRA Newsletter, December 1976)

Sample of IDRA’s AMANECER bilingual curriculum.

Albert Cortez, School Finance Project director, discusses the progress of the special legislative session at the IDRA Board of Directors meeting. Pictured with Mr. Cortez are (l-r) Jesse Rangel, board member; Craig Foster, PTP director; and Gonzalo Garza, board member. (IDRA Newsletter, August 1978)

Dr. Blandina Cárdenas, director of the Center for the Management of Innovation in Multicultural Education (MIME), discusses the Lau Remedies at the National Conference on Research and Policy Implications, Lau Task Force Report in Austin. Also pictures are (l-r) Dr. Albert Yee of the University of California, Victoria Bergin of the Houston ISD, Maria E. Torres of Southmost College in Brownsville, Texas, and Manuel Andrade of the Denver Public Schools. (IDRA Newsletter, July 1976)

Abelardo Villarreal (standing) of the Center for the Management of Innovation in Multicultural Education (MIME) explains initial planning procedures for establishing a five-year Comprehensive Education Plan in a school district to a group of school officials. Pictured are (l-r) Anselmo Trevino, principal, Arturo Benavides Elementary School, San Ignacio, Texas; Leobardo Martinez, principal, Zapata High School, Zapata, Texas; and Modesta Pena, assistant superintendent, San Diego ISD, San Diego, Texas. Also attending were Jacinto Florres, Zapata ISD Board President; Xavier Villarreal, Zapata ISD Board Secretary; Antonio Molina, Zapata ISD Superintendent; Luis Guerra, Zapata ISD Junior High Principal; Roman Martinez, West Oso ISD Assistant Superintendent, Corpus Christi, Texas; and Loreto Trejo, San Diego ISD Bilingual Director. (IDRA Newsletter, September 1976)

María del Refugio Robladeo, director of IDRA’s Bilingual Education Cost Analysis project.

Toward Quality Education for Mexican Americans, Report VI, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, February 1974

Dr. Blandina Cárdenas (second from the left), Carter nominee for director of the Office of Child Development, was honored with a party at the National Head Start Conference held in El Paso on May 23-27. Pictured with Dr. Cárdenas are Dr. Gloria Zamora, director of the IDRA Amanecer project; Soledad Arenas, program officer for Bilingual Early Childhood Education Curriculum Models with the Office of Child Development; and Rebecca M. Barrera, curriculum specialist with Amanecer. (IDRA Newsletter, July 1977)

More than 250 Educators from Texas attended the Language Assessment Conference, co-sponsored by IDRA, the IDRA Center for the Management of Innovation in Multicultural Education (MIME), and the National Education Task Force (NETF) held November 19-20. (IDRA Newsletter, December 1976)

Bilingual Education Cost Analysis: Colorado. IDRA 1978