Formal Culture
  • literary landmarks
  • contents of museums
  • music of ancestral groups
  • art and dance
  • holidays and parades

Deep Culture

  • family ties and relationships
  • friendships
  • pride and self respect
  • dictates of conscience
  • milestones in personal life

Situational Culture

  • inter- and intra-group relations
  • well-known contemporary personalities
  • social change awareness and recognizing change agents
  • physical similarities and differences and perceptions
  • diet: nutrition and rituals accompanying

Language and Communications

  • preferred manner of speaking
  • origins of the language and its elements
  • people and place names
  • gestures or postures
  • current usage, colloquialisms
  • games and entertainment

Humanistic Values

  • forms of kindness, humor, self and other validation
  • concepts of justice, fairness, competition and cooperation
  • unselfishness, leadership
  • concepts of human capability and potential

Historical Culture

  • politicians, educators, artists, explorers, scholars, etc.
  • events recorded and remembered
  • ancestral contributions evidenced in contemporary life
  • geography and its effects on ancestral group history
  • origins of surnames

Source: “A Developmental and Sociological Rationale for Culture Based Curricula and Cultural Context Teaching,” by Josue González. (Unpublished dissertation, 1974).